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Witness the “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” Heat from the Pidu Model

From:China Finance NewspaperInput Date:2017-06-20 〖Font:Big Medium Small〗〖 Print 〗〖 1809 viewer 〗〖 Close

Pidu District, Chengdu, Sichuan Province developed the 2.0 version new policies to support the development of mass innovation and entrepreneurship industries in Jingrong Town. RMB500 million is annually invested into these industries to create a full-element, low cost, convenient and open innovation and entrepreneurship environment to carry forward the district's innovation and entrepreneurship undertakings. The district accelerates the cultivation, upgrading and development of new drives for “Innovation and Entrepreneurship”, and has made remarkable achievements.    

Pidu District of Chengdu, Sichuan Province has changed a lot. Since 2016, taking the great opportunities of establishing the national innovation and entrepreneurship demonstration bases, Pidu District has significantly improved its innovation and entrepreneurship environment and obviously mobilized its innovation and entrepreneurship impetus.. In the interim national assessment made at the end of last year, Pidu District's innovation and entrepreneurship demonstration base ranked eighth among the seventeen regional ones.  

The “Innovation and Entrepreneurship” has widely and heatedly spread across the country. In 2016, the first batch of 28 innovation and entrepreneurship demonstration bases approved by the State Council have gradually formed a group of innovation and entrepreneurship supporting platforms with market vitality, broken through some policy barriers against the development of “Innovation and Entrepreneurship” and publicized a batch of “mass innovation and entrepreneurship” model and typical experiences suitable for different regional characteristics, organization forms and development stages.

The poor and sparsely populated town wisely turns into the maker space.

At the launching ceremony of “Innovation and Entrepreneurship Mobilization of Chengdu Station inChina”, Wang Zhongcheng, Deputy Party Secretary of Pidu District, shared that, Pidu District has developed the 2.0 version new policies to support the development of mass innovation and entrepreneurship industries in Jingrong  Town. RMB500 million is annually invested into these industries to create a full-element, low cost, convenient and open innovation and entrepreneurship environment to carry forward the district's innovation and entrepreneurship undertakings. The district accelerates the cultivation, upgrading and development of new drives for “Innovation and Entrepreneurship”, and has made remarkable achievements.<< span="">

Within just two years, the Jingrong Town has successfully changed from a poor and sparsely populated town to the maker space in a smart way, Wang Zhongcheng said.  Jingrong Town has introduced 40 incubator companies such as Tsinghua TusStar and JD Cloud Incubator , gathered 1,463 projects and 13,000 makers and introduced 31 high-level talents including Nobel laureates and exerts listed in "the Recruitment Program of Global Experts". It has built 38 public technical platforms, gotten 6,839 new patent applications (up 36% year on year). It newly greeted 12,431 market players (an increase of 58% year on year) and had new registered capital of RMB 14.7 billion (up 126.7% YoY).

Wang Zhongcheng said that, in the construction of “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” demonstration bases, Pidu District has made efforts to broaden horizons and uplift thinking motivation. The undertaking of “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” is a relay race, and Pidu District will continue to write the following three chapters.  The opening chapter is to reduce stock and push transformation to promote the running of idle resources. The middle chapter is to focus on collaborative innovation among universities, local government and companies and get through three channels including military and civilian deep integration, technology and economy integration as well as technology and finance integration, so as to activate the “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” subjects and give play of the scientific research potential. The long chapter is to put efforts into the national center city construction of Chengdu, actively shoulder the “West Control" mission, develop green technology industry and deepen the “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” culture and education to create a more beautiful and stronger Maker Pidu and international community.

"We rely on the UESTC and the supply chain and block chain of leading enterprises such as Huawei, JD and Global Foundries to enable Maker Pidu to become the Chengdu version of ‘Stanford-Silicon Valley' and step forward and conspicuously practice of the slogan of "Maker China", Wang Zhongcheng said.  

Pidu District has produced good results in terms of base construction.

In May, 2016, the General Office of the State Council issued the Opinions on Constructing Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation Demonstration Bases, which decided to establish the first batch of 28 mass innovation and entrepreneurship demonstration bases, including 17 regional demonstration bases like Pidu District of Chengdu City, 4 university and research institute demonstration bases like Tsinghua University and 7 enterprise demonstration bases like Haier Group, so as to build a batch of high-level "Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship" demonstration bases by the end of 2018 with 3 years.

The local governments have given strong supports to explorations on the demonstration base construction, intensified reforms especially in expanding the development space of main market players, enhancing the protection of intellectual property right, accelerating the transformation of technical achievements, and increasing finance and taxation supports, in order to establish a good innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem and policy environment.

Zhang Wei, Head of Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship Strategy Research Section of State Information Center, introduced that, “as for the construction process, 28 ‘Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship’ demonstration bases have basically finished their task indicators in 2016.” Twelve bases such as Haidian District of Beijing, Binhai New District of Tianjin, Pidu District of Chengdu and Tsinghua University over-fulfilled their task indicators in the construction of demonstration bases in 2016.

A set of data can be used to show the good achievements of demonstration bases construction. As at the end of the first quarter of 2017, China has had 4,200 mass innovation and entrepreneurship space which serve over 120,000 enterprises and raised funds of RMB5.5 billion. There are over 2000 “Gazella” enterprises in the national hi-tech zones, with a year on year increase of 10% (“Gazella” is a kind of antelope good at jumping and running. Those middle and small-sized enterprises with high growth are vividly called as “Gazella Enterprise” in the industry). Such rate of gazelle enterprises exceeded that of the Silicon Valley of America. The innovation growth momentum has increased continually. In the first quarter, the added value of national high technology industry increased by 13.4% year on year. The contribution rate of high-tech enterprises to the economic growth reached 23.8%, an increase of 6.2 percent points over the same period of last year.

A lot of highlights have shown in the construction of demonstration bases, in terms of establishing service oriented government, innovating “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” policy system, innovating government management models, expanding entrepreneurship and investment channels and optimizing the mode of financial support, which laid an important foundation for the long-term development of innovation and entrepreneurship inChina.

For example, “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” service teams were built in Binhai New District as well as Guian New District of Guizhou Province to optimize the service process and build one-stop service center of innovation and entrepreneurship. The policies of delegating powers to lower levels, delegating power and strengthening regulation as well as optimizing service were performed in Hunnan District of Shenyang and Yangpu District of Shanghai. Business environment was greatly improved. Major projects and important enterprises can enjoy express service. In the aspect of innovating “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” policy system, Fuzhou New Area showed its regional characteristics to attractTaiwanyouth to start a business there. An ecosystem circle will be created on both sides of the Taiwan Straits. Pidu District of Sichuan Province set up procedure mechanism coordinating and interlocking provincial level bases or city level bases, as well as introduced the Third party professional management team to undertake the daily operation and optimize management service mechanism. In Beijing, the service of streamline the government and innovated governmental management model were launched in the entrepreneurship reception room by many departments, which include Industry and Commerce Department, Tax Department, Park Department and others. In the aspect of optimizing the mode of financial support, the policy of government guidance fund, entrepreneur funding and industrial funding interaction with others parties was applied to the future science and technology city in Hangzhou. It has achieved the government supporting policies of “change indirect way into indirect way, change low efficient one into high efficient one, change distribution into competition, change no compensation into compensation and change ex post into ex ante.”

Zhang Wei said that there still existed a lot of problems in the construction of demonstration bases at present. For instance, it is difficult to implement “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” policies; there are many policies but without good effect; the reform of the system and mechanism lags behind; policy formulation and implementation are lack of interaction with the market, etc. Next, the statistics and inspection system of “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” demonstration bases will be built to push demonstration bases, launch research activities and other measures with all kinds of “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” market subjects. The second batch of “Mass Innovation and Entrepreneurship” demonstration bases construction plan also will be improved for providing basis in the process of optimizing policy system.